When to Plant Strawberries: A Minnesota Gardener’s Guide

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Strawberries planted in grow bags

Optimize Your Strawberry Season Using Grow Bags in Minnesota

Knowing when to plant strawberries is key to successful growing! Strawberries are a cherished fruit for many gardeners, and growing them in grow bags can offer substantial benefits, especially in the variable climate of Minnesota. This guide focuses on the optimal times and techniques for planting strawberries in grow bags to ensure a successful and fruitful harvest.

1. Understanding Minnesota’s Growing Climate

Minnesota’s climate, spanning USDA Hardiness Zones 3 to 4b, presents a challenge with its short growing seasons and cold winters. Strawberries, however, are hardy plants and can thrive here with the right care and timing. The key is to understand the local frost dates and temperature trends to maximize the growing period.

2. Benefits of Using Grow Bags for Strawberries

Grow bags are ideal for strawberries for several reasons. They offer excellent drainage, preventing root rot, which is crucial for strawberries. They also allow for better control over soil quality and make it easier to manage pests and diseases. Furthermore, grow bags can be moved to optimize exposure to sunlight or to protect plants from late spring frosts.

3. Best Time to Plant Strawberries

In Minnesota, strawberries should ideally be planted in early spring as soon as the soil can be worked and the risk of severe frost has passed, typically from late April to early May. Planting at this time allows the plants to establish themselves before the peak summer growth period.

4. Choosing Strawberry Varieties

Selecting the right strawberry varieties is crucial for success in Minnesota’s climate. June-bearing varieties like ‘Honeoye’ and ‘Surecrop’ are popular as they produce a large, concentrated crop early in the summer. Day-neutral varieties such as ‘Seascape’ and ‘Mara Des Bois’ can produce fruit throughout the growing season and are well-suited for grow bag cultivation. Don’t forget Alpine Strawberries!

Alpine Strawberry in grow bag

5. Preparing Grow Bags

Choose grow bags that are at least 10-15 inches in diameter and 8 inches deep to accommodate the root system of strawberry plants. Fill the bags with a high-quality potting mix enriched with compost to provide the necessary nutrients and ensure good drainage.

6. Planting Strawberries in Grow Bags

When planting, ensure that the crown of the strawberry plant (the part where the stem and roots meet) is just above the soil line to prevent rotting. Space the plants about 12-18 inches apart to allow ample room for growth and air circulation.

7. Positioning and Sunlight

Strawberries require full sun, at least 6-8 hours per day, to produce the best yields. Place your grow bags in a location that receives ample sunlight throughout the day. The mobility of grow bags also allows you to move the plants to protect them from late frosts or excessive heat during peak summer.

8. Watering and Fertilizing

Strawberries in grow bags may dry out more quickly than those in the ground, so regular watering is essential. Keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged. Use a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer every two weeks during the growing season to encourage healthy growth and fruit production.

9. Caring for Strawberry Plants

Regular maintenance including weeding, checking for pests, and removing any diseased or damaged foliage is essential. Mulching around the plants with straw or pine needles can help retain moisture and suppress weeds.

10. Harvesting and Annual Care

Strawberries typically begin to ripen in early to mid-June, depending on the variety and planting time. Harvest the berries in the morning when they are cool and fully red. After the growing season, prune the plants to remove old leaves and apply a winter mulch to protect them from cold.


Growing strawberries in grow bags in Minnesota requires careful timing and maintenance but offers a rewarding gardening experience. By taking advantage of grow bags’ portability and soil control, you can enjoy a bountiful strawberry harvest even in Minnesota’s challenging climate. Prepare your bags early, choose suitable varieties, and provide consistent care, and you’ll be rewarded with delicious, home-grown strawberries each summer.